Birth & Childhood
He was born on Tuesday the 15th of Ramadhan 3 A.H. He was named by the Prophet (pbuh). (The name came from Allah through Jibrail as Hasan).
The Prophet said to Imam Ali (pbuh): "O Ali! You are to me as Harun was to Musa. Prophet Harun had two sons called Shabbar and Shabbir. Shabbar translated in Arabic is Hasan".
He was the first grandson of the Prophet (pbuh) and on the news of the birth, the prophet smiled broadly showing all his teeth (One of the rare occasions of intense happiness for him).
On the 7th day 'Akika' was performed and it was the first 'Akika' in Islam. The Prophet arranged for a feast for the people of Madina.
He was born in a year when the battles of Islam were taking place and therefore he opened his eyes in an environment of 'Jihad'.
He was the image of the Prophet and used to listen to his sermons intently and then relate all the sermons of the Prophet to his mother even at the age of 4-5 yrs.
It was a traumatic childhood in which he saw the injustice done to his parents. (The door fell on Bibi Fatima (pbuh) leading to the death of Muhsin (pbuh); The taking away of Fadak and the dragging of Imam Ali (pbuh) through the streets of Madina with a noose around his neck). It was all done to incite Imam Ali (pbuh) to unsheathe his sword and therefore give an excuse for the Khalifas to kill him.
Imam Hasan (pbuh) and Imam Husayn (pbuh) had an age difference of only 1yr and they grew up side by side with the same principles and goals.