QLaws - The laws of Fiqh
"...For every one of you We have appointed a shari'a (illuminated way) and a minhaaj (clear way)..." Suratul Ma'ida 5:48
Fiqh means a deep understanding or full comprehension and it is in essence the expansion of Shari'a which is divine laws which illuminate the way to reach one's full potential.
Those who are learned in this branch of knowledge came to be known as the Fuqaha (singular - Faqih).
Shari'a encompasses all aspects of existence:
1. Ideological - The principles of faith (usul), i.e., Tawheed, Adala, Angels, Nabuwwa, Imama & Qiyama.
2. Ethical - Moral behaviour aimed at cultivating the spiritual aspect of existence.
Practical - The laws which relate to all affairs beginning with the human being even before conception to the time he/she is lowered into the grave. The laws cover not only the rules and regulations of worship (ibada), but also social, economical, political, legal and family affairs. It deals with international law, war and peace and individual rights. There is no vital issue for which Islam has not provided a comprehensive ruling.